Australia is the sixth biggest country and is also one of the most diverse. With every state and territory, there is such a different landscape and climate from the next, the best way to see it is undeniably from the road.
Driving in Australia doesn’t need to install fear in you. If you have an international drivers license and are confident on the road in your own country, then you have nothing to fear about driving around Australia.
However, there are some things you need to be aware of when taking a road trip in Aus in order to save time, money, fuel economy and stay safe.
Which is why we prepared this guide to helpful driving around Australia tips so you can save money, stay safe, and have a pleasant driving experience.
- Can Tourists Drive In Australia?
- What Is It Like Driving in Australia?
- Handy Tips For Driving In Australia
- How To Save Money On Fuel In Australia
- Driving in The Outback Tips
- Four-Wheel Driving Tips
- Tips For Driving Safely in Australia
- More Australian Road Trip Travel Tips
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Can Tourists Drive In Australia?
But first, can international tourists drive in Australia? The answer is yes.
The only requirement to drive in Australia is to have an overseas driving license in your own country and that you are renting the same type of vehicle that your license allows – so for example, if you have a car license but you want to hire a van, you won’t be able to. You will need a van license to hire a van.
It seems obvious, but you’d be surprised by how many people don’t know this and think they can hire an RV with a standard license.
You also need to make sure your driving license is written in English. If your license is not written in English, then you will need to get an international driving permit OR an English translation of your licence.
What Is It Like Driving in Australia?
You know, well most of you know, that Australia is vast. It’s as large as continental USA but with a lot less people (22 million) and the road network is not as well developed, especially away from the coastal areas, and it can take a long time to get to places.
Especially as a travelling family, I can’t rate them highly enough as a memorable travel experience. They are just so damn practical and generally cost effective.
Driving in Australia is much the same as the United States or Europe, except that you drive on the left. The roads are usually in good condition, especially in cities and connecting between places, and are well maintained.
Because Australia has less people per land mass, it’s usually fairly quiet on the roads, aside from the famous routes such as the Great Ocean Road.
When driving around cities, you have the usual annoyances such as one-way systems and traffic lights, but the cities are well developed and everywhere is signposted, so you’ll rarely encounter any problems or confusion.
We recommend you download the Waze app, which is a GPS but also has the speed camera locations, police check points, road works, accidents, and other hazards that may come up, listed on route. It will suggest redirecting your route if there’s traffic up ahead. If you use this app, driving is so easy.
Handy Tips For Driving In Australia
Now you know what you need to drive in Aus and what it’s like, lets get to the most important bit about driving around Australia.
1. Drive on the Left
As mentioned earlier, we drive on the left side down under, which is the right side of the road for driving! Right?!
Yeah, it even confuses me sometimes after having lived in the States previously for 4 years.
Occasionally I still catch myself walking up to the wrong drivers side door, and if I’m on an unmarked road with no oncoming traffic I can have freak out moments of where I’m supposed to be.
So remember, keep to the left!
2. Avoid Peak Times and Know City limits
Just like any big city, Australia’s major cities can be congested, so it’s best to avoid driving in the Central Business District (CBD) especially during early morning and late afternoon peak times.
And avoid driving in downtown Melbourne at all costs, otherwise you could find yourself driving up a one way street and staring head on with a tram and having the locals shake their head at you thinking, who’s this jackass!
You don’t usually need to drive in the major cities, so park your car at your hotel and just take public transport to get around. Get the tram in Melbs! Or simply walk.
3. Know How To Fill Up In Australia
Not much in the way of prices has gone down in Australia, luckily fuel has been one of them. Gas prices in Australia are relatively cheap compared to Europe or the United States, but know that the fuel prices differ for each state.
Victoria, Western Australia and South Australia have cheaper prices. For some reason, The Northern Territory has the highest gas price, so fill up before you enter this region.
For our foreign friends, we fill up at Petrol Stations, otherwise known as Service Stations, or colloquially “Servos”. At the servo we put petrol in the car, not gas!
And most of the Service Stations are self-service, meaning, you will need to fill your car up with fuel, and then go into the Service Station to pay in person at the till.
It’s very rare to find a ‘pay at the pump‘ feature in Australia, but you can usually pay with Amex, Mastercard or Visa at the till, and cash of course.
After living in the States for 4 years, I miss the pay-at-the-pump option, especially with leaving young kiddies sitting in the car (take the keys with you). We need that option down under!
4. Know your petrol type
Most Aussie cars run off Unleaded Petrol (ULP), others (especially 4WDs and trucks) use Diesel, and a smaller minority of cars have been converted to Liquefied Natural Gas (LPG).
Happily our Ford Territory is a diesel engine and since changing over from a petrol engine and we get many more kilometres per litre of fuel.
This increased fuel efficiency is very welcomed, and essential when you’re doing a big lap of Australia like we did, so we highly recommend renting a diesel engine car!
We were averaging around 12 litres of fuel per 100km’s of travel, and that’s pulling a 1.5 tonne camper trailer.
If you want to estimate fuel costs for various distances, Road Map Australia is a handy site.
One handy feature of our car is the smart Trip Computer and the Distance to Empty feature which tells me the range (kilometres of driving) I have left with the fuel in my tank. It’s been super reassuring on long Outback roads knowing I can make it to the next roadhouse. Make sure your rental car has a feature that displays how much fuel you have left and know how far it will get you.
5. Beware of road trains
Road trains (multi-trailer trucks) are a special hazard in the Outback. These monster trucks can reach lengths of up to 55 metres, with up to four trailers, so treat them with care and respect.
Oncoming road trains should be given all the space they need. Believe me, they stop for nobody, and even if they wanted to stop it takes them a lot longer than you.
If you have to overtake, be sure to choose a nice long stretch of straight road where you have good vision of any oncoming traffic. Some truckies are even nice enough to signal the all clear!
6. Be careful of wildlife
Australia is the land of kangaroos, emus, wombats, feral camels, horses, rabbits, and cattle, and unfortunately we’ve seen a lot of road kill on our travels.
Often times these animals will wander onto roads and in the Outback you can be driving through massive cattle stations that are unfenced so keep a lookout for stock.
Kangaroos are particularly dangerous and will hop across the road directly in front of your vehicle, and then hop along the road rather than hop off it.
Emus also run across roads and have no sense of directions and how to get out of the way. Off the main highways many roads run adjacent to farms that are unfenced, and stock on the road are common.
Your biggest concern is dawn and dusk and then into the night.
Kangaroos, wallabies, emus, koalas and some bird life are more active early in the morning and in the evening when the temperature cools.
If you can avoid traveling at dusk and into the night, but if you do make sure you are fully alert, and reduce your speed.
If you’re planning an East Coast Australia Road Trip and staying on the coast, then you won’t have to fear as much as the wildlife are aware the roads are heavily trafficked, but if you are traveling around the Outback or Tasmania, then you may see more wildlife.
It all depends on what part of Australia you’re driving in, but it’s usually a good idea to keep your eyes peeled on the sides of the road just incase.
7. Be Aware of Roundabouts in Australia
We are the roundabout kings in Australia. They’re pretty much everywhere.
I once drove to my friends house in Noosaville from Noosa Beach (a 10 minute drive) and I must have driven around 30+ roundabouts. They love a roundabout up there!
In Oz, we go around roundabouts clockwise, and when approaching you need to give way to vehicles already on the roundabout, that is, coming from your right.
Remember to indicate to show where you are turning and when you’re turning off, otherwise someone will just drive out in front of you thinking you’re turning off.
Look at the road signs before you get to the roundabout, it should tell you what lane you’re supposed to be in.
Just go slow and keep your eyes open to what’s coming from the side of you.
Remember that and you’ll be alright!
How To Save Money On Fuel In Australia
If you want to be environmentally conscious while driving in Australia, here are some tips for saving on fuel economy.
- Ensure your car is fully serviced and is optimized for efficiency.
- Check the pressure in your tires either with your own pressure gauge, or visit a servo. Correct tire pressure also helps with fuel efficiency and it’s best to check this when your tires are cold (before your drive too far) so you get an accurate reading.
- Try to drive at a constant speed without continuously accelerating and decelerating. We’ve done a lot of open road driving in the past 12 months and I love using my cruise control. But only use it when it’s safe to do so, avoid using on wet or slippery roads.
- Watch your luggage – the heavier the car the more fuel you’ll use. Pack inside your car not on top to avoid wind drag!
- Make use of your GPS to stay out of traffic jams.
- Use fuel discounts on back of supermarket dockets (receipts). Shop at Woolworths for Caltex servos and Coles for Shell servos.
- Keep the windows rolled up over 70 km/hr. Who knew, but apparently fuel efficiency drastically decreases if your windows are down creating wind drag, yes, it’s actually more cost effective to use the air con.
Driving in The Outback Tips
Thinking of driving in the Outback or remote areas? be prepared for anything.
The Outback is filled with lots of space but few people and services, so there may be a substantial amount of time before anyone will pass you should you break down.
It’s a desert out here and during peak summer months temperatures can reach 45°C (113°F) and over 50°C (122°F). Not conditions you want to endure without air conditioning.
We drove across the famous Nullarbor in Esperance, Western Aus, which is Australia’s longest road.
Some Aussies refer to it as the Nullar-boring but I actually enjoyed the SPACE and landscape.
Roadhouses were typically at least 200km’s apart and you don’t want to get caught short of fuel.
If you are stranded for any reason in the Outback, the following tips may help:
- Rig up a lean-to shelter and stay in it during the heat of the day.
- Dig a hole under the car and place your water & food in to keep it cool, it’s cooler under there than in your car.
- Build a small fire and have green growth on hand to place on top to create thick smoke, keep it going day and night to attract the attention of planes, other vehicles or stockmen in the area.
- If you don’t have any wood to start a fire, I’ve read that burning your spare car tire as a last option. It will give off a good smoke signal.
- Ration your food & water – you never know how long the wait could be.
- Use your rear vision mirror to signal passing planes by flashing it into the sun.
- Keep your clothes on as they will protect you against exposure – cold and hot.
- Stay with your vehicle – it’s far easier to spot than you and can provide some shelter.
If it’s your first time in the Australian outback, then be sure to follow the following advice:
- Always carry at least 10 litres of drinking water and additional food.
- Carry a 20 litre jerry can of extra fuel. Don’t assume fuel will be available late at night, in the early morning, or in some cases even on a Sunday. Even on some major regional roads, roadhouses may be closed late at night. On long drives I always fill up at every roadhouse even if I’m on half a tank!
- Don’t expect your mobile (cell) phone to work. Especially if you make the mistake we did and go with Optus, don’t, go with Telstra!
- Take advantage of truck stops and roadhouses for an overnight stay (at least grab a coffee) or simply pull over to take a nap if you feel drowsy. One helpful little feature of our Ford Territory is the “Rest Reminder” alert that goes of on my dash after every 200 kilometres.
Four-Wheel Driving Tips
A regular car will take you virtually everywhere in Australia, but a four-wheel-drive is essential for beach driving or if you want to fully explore the iconic 4WD destinations like Fraser Island and Cape York Peninsula in North Queensland, and the Gibb River Road in Western Australia.
If you’re going to drive on sand, depending on how soft and deep it is, you’ll need to deflate your tires which gives them a wider footprint.
Start by deflating 10 psi, but a rough guide for beach driving is 15-25psi.
We’ve taken our Ford Territory, which is an AWD (all-wheel-drive), on plenty of unsealed Outback tracks and recently for a cruise on one of Australia’s most famous beaches, Lucky Bay in Esperance.
Fortunately the sand on Lucky Bay is hard and compacted, almost like driving on concrete.
When driving a four-wheel-drive (4WD), maintain a steady speed and avoid sudden acceleration or braking. Building and maintaining momentum can help prevent getting stuck in soft sand.
Don’t drive too fast and keep your senses heightened on the feel of the car. If you feel your wheels starting to spin, ease off the accelerator to avoid digging deeper into the sand. Rocking the vehicle back and forth can help gain traction.
Drive in existing tracks or trails whenever possible, as the sand is usually more compacted and easier to navigate on already driven on areas.
And of course, carry essential recovery equipment such as a shovel, snatch strap, and traction boards in case you get stuck.
Tips For Driving Safely in Australia
- Fill the fuel tank with gas (petrol) and your purse with cash. You don’t want to get caught in the middle of nowhere with neither.
- Take frequent breaks. Get out and stretch the legs, grab some lunch, use the facilities, and have a coffee every two hours. Remember this slogan…Stop – Revive – Survive.
- Stick to the road rules and don’t drink and drive ever.
- If it is wet or low light put your headlights on.
- Don’t let your fuel level get down into the red zone, always keep it topped up.
- Carry a spare tyre and make sure it’s operational.
- Download Google Maps, so when you run out of signal you still have access to your map.
- Carry a satellite phone if you’re venturing into the wilderness. There’s virtually no reception in the Outback so have something where you can call for help if you need to.
- Check your tyre pressures regularly.
- Make a note of free campsites and campgrounds incase you need to stop. Wikicamps is a great resource for finding campsites.
- If you’re not driving in a campervan, pack camping equipment just in case you don’t reach your destination. Make sure the caravan park has toilets, showers and spaces to pitch a tent, and you can save on accommodation costs.
Remember it basically comes down to this: drive to the conditions, drive to your vehicles limitations, and drive to your experience level.
More Australian Road Trip Travel Tips
Planning road adventures in Australia? Then be sure to check out these other helpful guides…
- The Best Road Trips in Australia
- 16 highlights of The Great Ocean Road
- 2 week itinerary for an Outback Queensland road trip
- An ultimate guide to driving the Savannah Way
- The Great Sandy Beach Drive
- 45 things to know about Australia
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Can you share any tips or stories on driving in Australia? Let us know in the comments.